A for Aadhaar
What makes an Indian unique is a 12-digit individual identification number called Aadhaar. The number is issued by Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) and it will serve as a proof of identity and address anywhere in India.
B for Bollywood
Chaturanga is known to be the ancestor of chess. It’s a game based on the Indian battleground of Mahabharata. It’s pieces represented the infantry, cavalry, chariots and elephants. It was invented in the Gupta times around 6th century C.E. Today it’s called chess!
D for Da nce
Anybody can dance in India. The first archaeological proof of human beings dancing comes from rock paintings done thousands of years ago on the walls of the Bhimbelka caves in Madhya Pradesh. Eight Indian dance styles have been conferred classical status : Bharatanatyam (Tamil Nadu), Kathak (Uttar Pradesh), Kathakali (Kerala), Kuchipudi (Andhra Pradesh), Manipuri (Manipur), Mohiniyattam (Kerala) , Odissi (Odisha) and Sattriya (Assam). Some of our popular folk dances include bhangra, bihu, garba, gotipua, kalbelie, yakshagana etc.
E for Epics
The Ramayana and The Mahabharata are epics, originally written in Sanskrit. They are some of the oldest surviving epic poems ever written! Valmiki, the author of the Ramayana is respected as the Adi Kavi or First Poet. The Mahabharata is believed to have been recited by sage Vyasa and penned down by Lord Ganesha.
F for Festivals
If there is one man synonymous with India’s freedom struggle, its none other than Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The epithet ‘Mahatma’ (Great Soul) was given to him by Rabindranath Tagore and then adopted by the whole country, as he walked his way into people’s hearts!
H for Himalayas (Abode of snow )
The Himalayas are about 70 million years old & world’s highest range. They got so high because the earth’s tectonic plates went clash – smash – boom – bang against each other with great force that its crust folded up very high.
I for Independent India
After a long wait of 163 years, India gained her freedom on 15th August 1947. Jawaharlal Nehru, our first prime minister announced to the world at mid-night that India had finally made her “Tryst with Destiny”.
J for Ja waharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of independent India. Nehru firmly believed that India’s future was in the hands of children and that everyone of them should have access to excellent education.He was instrumental in setting up the IITs, IIMs, NITs etc. He guaranteed free and compulsory education for all the children of India in the Five Year Plans. Children lovingly call him Chacha Nehru to this day and his birthday on 14th November is celebrated as Children’s Day in India.
K for Kumbh Mela
India’s Kumbh Mela is by far the world’s biggest religious gathering. Here, just for a holy dip in the sacred water, you would find crowds of people, young and old, rich and poor – singing, dancing, praying and mingling together regardless of caste or creed.
L for Languages
Most Indians can speak two or three languages. But, you better know that there are hundreds of languages and districts in India. However there are 22 ‘Scheduled Languages’, that is languages recognized by the Indian constitution in different states.
M for Magnificent Monuments
Forts, temples, churches, towers, observatories, tombs are dotted across India. These magnificent monuments and sites that tell tales of the country’s glorious past and richcultural heritage.
N for Na tional Symbols
National symbols inflict our country’s history, tradition and values. They are special because they encourage people to bond together in the spirit of patriotism.
O for Observatories
India is a land of spectacular observatories. Observatories are buildings from which astronomers study the stars, planets and galaxies
P for Panchatantra
Centuries ago a wise king wanted to turn his three dumb sons into smart and able men. So he asked an old teacher called Vishnu Sharma to train them. Vishnu Sharma cleverly began to narrate delightfully moral based stories in which animals behaved like people. These stories were put together in five sections called Panchatantra which means five principles. By listening to the tales, the three princes learnt how to conduct themselves wisely, judge people well, pick trustworthy friends and solve problems of administration.
Q for Queen
Several extraordinary women sacrificed everything to protect the freedom of their land & their names are engraved in gold as we turn the pages of history. These queens were fearless, wise and valiant.
R for Railways
Every part of the country, from mountains to metros & hill stations to holy towns, are all linked by the vast rail network – The Indian Railways.
S for Spice
Spices make our food smell good and taste so yummy. India was known as the land of spices some 7000 years ago. The Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama was the first to find a sea route from Europe to India in search of spices.
T for Ta j Mahal
22 years and more than 20,000 masons & craftsmen were involved in building the Taj Mahal, one of the 7 Wonders of the World. A Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built his magnificent monument in memory of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal in Agra on the banks of Yamuna
U for Union Territories
A Union Territory is an administrative region in India, which is directly ruled by the central government unlike other states of India which have their own elected governments. Presently India has seven union territories
V for Villages
“The soul of India is in its villages”, said the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. He rightly said so as 68 percent of India lives in one of its 6,40,867 villages to this day.
W for Wagah
Wagah is the only road border crossing between India and Pakistan and lies on the historic Grand Trunk Road between the cities of Amritsar in India & Lahore in Pakistan. Beating the Retreat ceremony is a daily military practice for the military forces of both the countries.
X for X (Dasha) Avatars of Vishnu
In Indian mythology, it is believed that whenever the forces of evil take over the world, Lord Vishnu comes to the rescue the good and destroy the evil, he descends to earth in various forms called Dashavatar – The ten amazing avatars
Y for Yoga
Yoga is over 5000 years old and comes from India. It is a hot favori te and millions practice it as they believe it keeps them fit & relaxed
Z for Zero
T h e Z e r o comes from India. A p i o n e e r i n g mathemat i c ian & astronomer Aryabhatta was the man behind it.